General Information about India
The official name is Republic of India and India
for short. The official Sanskrit name for India is Bharat. New Delhi
is the capital of India and Mumbai is considered to be the financial
Capital of India. The population is over a billion and area is 3.3
million square kilometers. The coast line is 7600km.
India has two National languages (Central administrative). English
enjoys associate status but is the most important language for
national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the
national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people; there are
14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu,
Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri,
Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu
spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official
The literacy is 65.38%.The National Anthem of India is Jan gana mana
written by Rabindranath Tagore and the National Song is Vande Mataram,
composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji. The National animal
is Tiger, National Bird is Peacock, National emblem is the Ashoka
Chakra, National Tree is Banyan, National flower is Lotus, National
fruit Mango and National sport is Hockey.
India's diverse economy encompasses traditional village farming,
modern agriculture, handicrafts, a wide range of modern industries,
and a multitude of services. Services are the major source of economic
growth, accounting for more than half of India's output with less than
one third of its labor force. About three-fifths of the work force is
in agriculture, leading the UPA government to articulate an economic
reform program that includes developing basic infrastructure to
improve the lives of the rural poor and boost economic performance.
The government has reduced controls on foreign trade and investment.
Tariffs averaged 12.5% on non-agricultural items in 2006. Higher
limits on foreign direct investment were permitted in a few key
sectors, such as telecommunications. However, tariff spikes in
sensitive categories, including agriculture, and incremental progress
on economic reforms still hinder foreign access to India's vast and
growing market. Privatization of government-owned industries remained
stalled in 2006, and continues to generate political debate; populist
pressure from within the UPA government and from its Left Front allies
continues to restrain needed initiatives. The economy has posted an
average growth rate of more than 7% in the decade since 1996, reducing
poverty by about 10 percentage points. India achieved 8.5% GDP growth
in 2006, significantly expanding manufacturing. India is capitalizing
on its large numbers of well-educated people skilled in the English
language to become a major exporter of software services and software
workers. Economic expansion has helped New Delhi continue to make
progress in reducing its federal fiscal deficit. However, strong
growth - more than 8 percent growth in each of the last three years -
combined with easy consumer credit and a real estate boom is fueling
inflation concerns. The huge and growing population is the fundamental
social, economic, and environmental problem.
The number system was invented by India. Aryabhatta was the
scientist who invented the digit zero.
Chess was invented in India.
The' place value system' and the 'decimal system'
were developed in 100 BC in India.
Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. The
father of medicine, Charaka, consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago.
Usage of anesthesia was well known in ancient India
medicine. Detailed knowledge of anatomy, embryology, digestion,
metabolism, physiology, etiology, genetics and immunity is also found
in many ancient Indian texts.
The art of Navigation & Navigating was born in the
river Sindh 6000 over years ago. The very word 'Navigation' is derived
from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH. The word navy is also derived from
the Sanskrit word 'Nou'.
India is the largest democracy in the world.